Why LCA?

Every product has a life cycle, starting from the raw materials extracted and ending with its disposal or its reuse in a circular economy.

Many businesses are focusing on continuous improvement within their organisational boundaries, such as the reduction of both energy and water usage. In order to fully understand your organisation’s environmental impact, climate risk and ability to continue being profitable into the future, its critical to look beyond your immediate boundaries.

LCA is a scientific tool that provides the ultimate overview of the environmental impact of your organisation or product. From resource requirements to emissions in the supply chain, or the recycling or disposal of your products at the end of their useful life, LCA captures all of this information in one holistic analysis.

We work with you to transform your business data into environmentally valuable information to make better business decisions.

Our method

At Ørbas our analysis is underpinned by the life cycle framework, using the highest internationally recognised standards ISO 14040 ISO 14046 ISO 14067

We use the following four steps to carry out the assessments:

Goal and Scope

During this stage, experts from Ørbas will meet with you to better understand your problems. We will scope data availability and requirements, suggest some solutions and define the objectives of our work together, agreeing on the deliverables.

We establish the system boundary we are working within, the data requirements (both provided by us and those derived from your business data) and how the work will be used, e.g. for internal decision making and/or external communication.

Inventory Analysis

A cup of coffee provides a familiar example to illustrate how this critical data acquisition phase operates. We build a diagram of your system, such as this one, and then collect data or calculate the inputs and outputs for each process in the life cycle.

Within your organisational boundary you will assist us to collate business activity data such as energy, water and material usage. We will need key details about your supply chain, but outside your organisational boundary we will supply all necessary data on upstream activities such as agriculture, packaging and transportation, and downstream activities such as consumption and disposal.

Impact assessment

Once we have collected and organised the data describing your business activity we can use it to calculate a range of indicators related to recognised legislative and business requirements.

For example we can look at climate change (carbon footprinting), resource consumption (energy use and water footprinting), water polution, human health and ecosystem services. We use a range of industry standard software tools to standardize these calculations. We will work with you to provide the business information you need to help you make decisions effectively and efficiently.


In the last stage of the work we assess the results in light of the agreed plan in the goal and scope stage, and we report our finding to you.

We can compare with other studies and competitiors, we can look at your change over time and we can forecast future scenarios. At this stage we work closely with you to taylor our reports to your specific requirements. All work is conducted to the hightest ethical standards and is ISO standard complient.

Business Benefits

  • Measure

    Your current and future performance in terms of energy, water, land use and other environmental indicators

  • Manage

    Identify the hotspots in your supply chain where you can reduce impact and cost

  • Communicate

    Create credible and verifiable data for communicating your brand value to managers, directors, customers, investors and other stakeholders

  • Decide

    Justify your decisions and defend against uninformed criticism by having well defined and meaningful KPIs

  • Risk

    Comply with relevant environmental regulation and assess your exposure to risk from your relationship with the wider environment

  • Cost

    Prioritise actions to reduce costs